The system debate is arguably the most pressing and consequential subject of Turkish politics. Turkey has been having a governmental system discussion for a period of time, and the next few years will appear to be in intense debate and search.
Turkish parliamentary system experience (1876-2017) often dealt with interruptions. As a result, it has not only failed to produce general satisfaction in politics and society but also has been unsuccessful in yielding economic stability. Similarly, the outcome of the last five years of the Presidential Government System (or the Presidential System with its widespread use) could not generate stability. The search and discussion of the governmental system appear to be the most critical topic of politics for the next few years. Regardless of the outcome of the June 2023 elections, the system debate will be the most crucial topic of politics in the short term.
In this study Selin Esen evaluates the parliamentary system through the theoretical principles, implementation of the international experiences as well as its practicality in Turkey.