In many countries worldwide, the shares of variable renewable energy sources are steadily increasing. While the expansion of variable renewables alone would increase start-up costs, more flexible biomass power plants and additional power storage have counteracting effects. Yet changes in reserve provision and fuel prices increase start-up costs again. The relevance of start-up costs may grow further under continued renewable expansion, but could be mitigated by increasing system flexibility.

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Heraus­geberNature Energy
VerlagSpringer Nature
VeröffentlichungApril 2017

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