Strengthening EU-Turkey Economic Relations

Can services revitalize the customs union?

This paper critically examines the potential, methods of implementing, and possible consequences of complementing free goods trade between the European Union (EU) and Turkey with services, in a wider sense. It finds that the importance of services in overall Turkish exports has been declining over the last decade and that Turkey exports mostly services related to tourism and transport. We also verify the regulatory restrictiveness of services in Turkey and find a mixed picture, with considerable need for reforms in several sectors.

Publication details

Author: Daniel Gros, Jacques Pelkmans, Mehtap Akgüc, Matthias Busse, Mattia Di Salvo Publisher: Istanbul Policy Center (IPC) Pages: 49 Release date: March 2018 Language: English