The future shape of Europe

HOW THE EU CAN BEND WITHOUT BREAKING

Faced with internal and external pressures, the EU is increasingly focused on “cooperation” and “deliverables”, rather than “integration”. ECFR’s research shows that a critical mass of countries agree on the need for more flexible cooperation within the EU. Many member states believe that more flexible cooperation will help to demonstrate the benefits of collective European action, and to overcome policy deadlocks. There is also a clear preference for flexible cooperation under existing EU treaty instruments.

Publication details

Publisher: ECFR Berlin Pages: 40 Release date: March 2017 Language: English